Italy is a boot-shaped peninsula in Europe that extends out into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia. It is bordered by France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. Within the nations exterior borders, Italy has two independent states, San Marino and Vatican City. The capital city is Rome, which has the highest population at over two and half million people. The nation’s other most populous cities are Milan, Napoli, Torino, and Palermo.
Christianity is the country’s main religion, predominantly are Roman Catholics. Rome, the Eternal City has always been a religious capital for thousands of years and is still the center point for the world's over one billion Roman Catholics. The city is the perfect place for the faithful travelers. A visit to the hundreds of churches within Rome, with the amazing number of holy relics could be a pilgrimage all on its own.
Furthermore, Italians are arguably one ethnic class. For the most parts, ethnic Italian is simply a combination of all the local people on the peninsula at that time and those who arrived due to the wide-reaching net of the Roman Empire. Italians are, therefore, essentially a combination of the indigenous people like the Etruscans and the settlers who arrive at various times, like the Greeks, Jews, Germans, and other Mediterranean people.
The country’s temperature varies greatly depending on distance from the sea or mountains. In the summer, the northern parts of Italy are warm with occasional rainfall, while the south is often sizzling hot. The temperature is mitigated on the coast by sea breezes and in the Apennines and Alps it is almost always pleasantly cool. While the cities, rich in artistic treasures, are ideal in spring and autumn, winter in the mountains is ideal for skiing. Cold and foggy weather his the Po Plain and the central Apennines during the winter time and mild, slightly warm weather is experienced on the Ligurian coast, the Neapolitan coast, and in Sicilia.
Italy’s weather is easiest to handle during the Spring, from April to May, or Autumn from September till October. Those who desire leisurely roaming of the city streets, visiting all the aesthetic designs and architecture, will enjoy their excursion most during the cooler months. Peak tourist season starts in June and lasts until August, when the sea becomes warm enough to swim in. During December and April, Italians head off on their own vacations so quite a few shops and restaurants are closed in various cities during this time of the year. Low season can be a great time to visit for those looking for more than a vacation.